Arranging the interior space becomes an easier mission when you know the basic principles to guide you. You definitely want the result to be like a magazine, to have that feeling that each object is in the right place and that together they create a unitary ensemble, pleasing to the eye. In this situation, it is time to find out what are the 5 basic principles in interior design.
Interior Design Principles – What Does It Mean?
- the ways in which designers use design elements (space, lines, shape, light, color, texture and pattern) to create a good composition (room decoration);
- design principles are ways to arrange / organize the elements of the composition;
- these principles evaluate each design element, but also the way in which the feeling of unity is obtained in the arranged room.
- refers to the distribution of objects in order to create visual balance;
- the balance is achieved both by shape and by color, pattern and texture;
- there are three types of balance styles: symmetrical, asymmetrical and radial
- symmetrical – the objects are placed equally on both sides of a vertical axis, for example two chairs on either side of the coffee table; symmetry suggests calm, order, tranquility;
- asymmetric – the balance is made with objects that are not identical, but which have equal visual weight (lines, colors, shapes and textures are balanced, without duplication); for example a sofa can be balanced by placing two chairs on the other side; asymmetry suggests movement and creates more lively interiors;
- radial – there is a central point around which are circular several elements (like the rays of a circle); an example is a table with chairs arranged around it;
- lack of balance ultimately leads to a room that does not provide harmony.
2. Focal point / Accent
- in the arranged space there is a focal point that manages to dominate all the other elements in the room;
- the focal point can be a certain area (a window with a beautiful view) or an object (the fireplace);
- the focal point can be easily obtained by highlighting a certain piece of furniture (variously colored decorative pillows placed on the sofa), with the help of a work of art or by painting a wall in a contrasting color to create an accent area;
- depending on the size of the decorated space, there may be one or more focal points;
- when we enter the room, the focal point is the first thing we look at;
- interior design elements such as color, texture, shape are used to highlight the focal point;
- it is important to maintain balance so that the focal point does not capture all the attention;
- it is the design principle that creates the connection between the different elements, by using colors, lines, shapes or textures, in order to create visual interest; simply put, it is a matter of continuity;
- rhythm refers to the ability to make the person walk slowly, throughout the room (slides easily from one area to another);
- rhythm can be obtained by regular repetition of lines, shapes, colors or textures (helps to unify a space);
- Rhythm by repetition is recommended for beginners, for example the use of yellow for a decorative pillow, which is then found in the pattern of the carpet or in the painting in the painting;
- alternation is also a method of obtaining rhythm, by placing two or more elements in a predefined way such as ABABAB or ABCABC;
- the rhythm can also be reached by progression, ie the elements are arranged ascending or descending based on criteria such as size or color tone; an example based on grading by size is a group of candles placed on a tray, from the smallest to the largest; color progression is achieved with the help of elements that each have a slightly different shade of the same basic color.
4. Scale and proportion
- scale and propriety in interior design refer to distinct things, the resemblance is given by the fact that both are related to the size of an object;
- scale means how an element relates to the size of the room (space as a whole); placing a very large sofa in a small living room is a negative example in this regard;
- the proportion refers to the size of an element in relation to other objects in the room; placing a short table next to a high chair is not a favorable decision;
- Some basic principles for creating the correct scale and proportion are:
- in a spacious room large furniture objects can be placed, while in a small room the furniture objects will have small dimensions;
- the main piece of furniture in the room will be a reference element in choosing the dimensions of the other objects;
- the higher the ceiling, the more imposing the pieces of furniture can be, unless you want to achieve a dramatic effect – small, modern furniture in a high room;
- a larger room allows larger printed models, but also more colors, while the models in the room will be smaller if the space is smaller;
- it is recommended to leave space around the furniture so as not to look like a suffocated room.
5. Harmony and unity
- this is the main goal of any interior designer: to create a harmonious and unitary space;
- harmony and unity are obtained when all the elements in a space work together and complement each other;
- look at the space as a whole and see how each element plays a role in obtaining unity, you notice a harmonious transition from one object to another;
- rhythm can create emotion, harmony and unity creates a sense of rest, calm and comfort;
- repeating design elements such as color, texture and shape is one of the easiest ways to achieve harmony (alignment, similarity also joins);
- each chamber must act as part of a whole;
You have the freedom to opt for the pieces of furniture that you like, for your favorite colors, for the decorative objects that you have purchased over time, all with the mention of having in mind, like a specialist, the basic principles in interior design.